Russian Proletariat
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Working Conditions in Russia

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Bloody Sunday

  • During 1902 and 1903
  • Major strike movements through Russia
  • Main triggers that started the Russian Revolution in 1905 was the war between Russia and Japan in 1904
  • The Russians were defeated by the Japanese
  • There was labor unrest in St. Petersburg due to prices of food and daily necessities
  • A priest name Father George Gapon formed an assembly of Russian workers in 1903 as conditions in the factories were harsh and the health and safety of the workers were shown little concern
  • 1904, price for food and other necessities rose and wages cut by 20 percent
  • 110,000 workers went on strike in St. Petersburg.
  • In January 22, 1905, Father Gapon went to the Winter Palace with a group of workers to present the Czar with a petition
  • The petition entitled an election of duma (a council or official assembly), freedom of speech and assembly, guarantee of fair trials and amnesty for political prisoners
  • More labor legislation, an eight-hour work day, a reduction in indirect taxes and the introduction of a graduated income tax
  • End the war and 135,000 people sign it
  • Gapon and the workers were followed by a group of 150,000 people that would assemble peacefully outside of the palace.
  • The priest was hoping that the Czar would grant the reforms so that the discontent of the workers would be lowered
  • Palace guards came out shooting the crowd of people
  • Over 100 people were killed, with about 300 people wounded
  • This was known as The Bloody Sunday and it was that day that the people lost their faith in the Czar.

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  • Boxer in Animal Farm represents the working class in Russia
  • Boxer is symbolic of the oppressed people who are taken advantage of and abused by those who have higher power
  • They were led to believe the lies of Stalin
  • Boxer comes to hear about old Major’s dream
  • Boxer accepts all the principles of Animalism
  • He develops the "I will work harder" and "Napolean is always right"
  • Boxer kills a boy in the Battle of the Cowshed and feels guilty about it
  • Very hard worker
  • He is awarded "Animal Hero, First Class."
  • He momentarily challenges Squealer, believing that Snowball was loyal all the time.
  • He overpowers three of Napoleon’s dogs that attack him.
  • Boxer fights against the notion that the Battle of the Windmill was a victory.
  • Boxer collapses while trying to re-build the windmill again.
  • He tries to break out of the van, but is unable to escape being sent to his death.

At such times his lips were seen to form the words, "I will work harder"; he had no voice left (81).


Work Cited

History: 1905 Russian Revolution - The working class shows its strength. N.p. Jan. 2005. Web. 12 Nov. 2009 <

Bloody Sunday. N.p. n.d. Web. 15 Nov. 2009 <

1905 Russian Revolution., 200-2007. Web. 12 Nov. 2009 <